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Topics of interest include multiculturalism, lifestyle trends and housing transformations; socio-spatial practice of migrant communities; knowledge economy and sustainable urban qualities; quality of urban life frameworks and testing of models and domains; cultural identity and image- and place-making; examining the spatial characteristics of urban traditions; and user-centred assessment studies (POE/BPE).

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Please see publication and citation records on:  Web of Science, ScopusResearchGate, and Google Scholar.


Ashraf Salama is academic, scholar, and Chair in Architecture. He is Professor of Architecture and Urbanism and Head of the Department of Architecture and the Built Environment, University of Northumbria at Newcastle. He is co-Director of the UNESCO/UIA Validation Council for Architectural Education. Professor Salama has chaired and led three schools of architecture over the past 25 years in Misr International University, Cairo, Egypt (1996-2001), Qatar University, Doha, Qatar (2009-2014), and the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom (2014-2020). He is an honorary professor of architecture at the University Putra Malaysia and has held tenured and visiting positions in Egypt, Germany, Italy, Malaysia, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom.  He holds B.Sc. MSc. and PhD in architecture and has received his education at Al Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt and North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA.

Securing more than £2.0 million funded research over his research career, Professor Salama has published over 200 research outputs in the international refereed press including authoring and editing 17 books. His recent books inlcude: The Routledge Companion to Architectural Pedagogies of the Global South (2022), Influence and Resistance in Post-Independence Egyptian Architecture (2022), Transformative Pedagogy in Architecture and Urbanism (2021/09), Architectural Excellence in Islamic Societies (2020), Spatial Design Education (2015/16), Demystifying Doha: On Architecture and Urbanism in an Emerging City (2013/16), Architecture Beyond Criticism: Expert Judgment and Performance Evaluation (2014)

He is the chief editor of the Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research and honorary editor of Open House International. Professor Salama is the UIA 2017 Recipient of Jean Tschumi Prize for Excellence in Architectural Education and Criticism. He is a licensed architect in Egypt since 1987, practiced in Egypt (1987-92). He has been a consultant to the Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Tourism in Egypt (1996-2001), urban design consultant to a number of authorities and development agencies in the Middle East since 2004 and, from 2001 to 2004, the Director of Research and Consulting at Adams Group Architects, Charlotte, North Carolina, United States.

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Research interests

Professor Salama’s work has been internationally recognised through an extensive record of publications, and a substantial number of funded research projects, with grants received from the  Aga Trust for Culture in Geneva; British Council/Newton Funds; Centre for Inquiry-Based Learning, University of Sheffield; European Commission; Qatar National Research Fund; Scottish Funding Council; United States Agency for International Development; World Health Organization - Europe; and Various Private Agencies and University Institutional Competition Schemes. This includes two large-scale research projects, awarded by the National Priorities Research Program (NPRP) of the Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF) with a total value of more than £2.0 million. His research is positioned within two streams:

  • Architectural and Urban Research with key thematic areas that include: theoretically debated and empirically validated frameworks; lifestyle trends and housing transformations; socio-spatial practice of migrant communities; knowledge economy and sustainable urban qualities; cultural identity and image- and place-making; examining the spatial characteristics of urban traditions; and user-centred assessment studies (POE/BPE). Selected topics are examined in the context of the Global North. Yet, the majority of these topics are explored in emerging globalised cities and in the wider context of the global south. 
  • Pedagogical and Design Research in Architecture with a focus on examining architectural design pedagogy as a paradigm whose evolutionary processes, underpinning theories, contents, methods, tools, are questioned and critically examined. Recent work aims at understanding and articulating the potential of research-led teaching in a responsive knowledge construction process. This includes integrating appreciative inquiry into architectural pedagogy and cultivating a culture of an inquiry-based and a process centred pedagogy. Latest effort engages with architectural pedagogies of the global south and COVID-19 implications.


Further Information



Key Projects

  • 2015–2019, Lead Principal Investigator: Investigating Housing Typologies in Multi-cultural Societies of the Gulf Region. In collaboration with Qatar University, Doha, Qatar. NPRP-National Priorities Research Program, Qatar National Research Fund-QNRF 7th Cycle - Award Amount: £422,000.00 to UoS (Total Value: $ US 967,315.00 (3 years – Completed January 2019).
  • 2011-2014, Lead Principal Investigator: Investigating the Qualities of the Urban Environment in Emerging Knowledge Economies. In collaboration with Prof. Alain Thierstein of Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany. NPRP-National Priorities Research Program, Qatar National Research Fund-QNRF 3rd Cycle Project # 09- 1083 -6–023 Award Amount: $ US 1,016,334.00 (3 years – Completed in November 2014).

Recent Projects 

  • 2020-2021, Principal Investigator/Project Lead: From Crises to Urban Resilience, Health, and the Environment in Europe. In collaboration with UN Habitat. Funded by World Health Organization, WHO European Region – WHO Europe Office, Bonn/Brussels.
  • 2020-2021, Co-Investigator: Navigating COVID-19 related transitions and transformations of economically marginalized women entrepreneurs within urban poor communities of the Greater Cairo Region in Egypt (GCR).  In collaboration with Academics from the Hunter Centre for Entrepreneurship, Strathclyde School of Business. Scottish Funding Council, Global Challenge Research Fund (GCRF). COVID-19 Response Award.
  • 2018-2021, Co-Investigator: KA07 – EU+, PhD students’ mobility with the University of Belgrade, Serbia. In collaboration with Academics from the Department of Architecture at the University of Strathclyde and at the Faculty of Architecture, University of Belgrade, Serbia.
  • 2018-2019, Co-Investigator: Re-enterprising the ‘Forgotten Villages’* of Greater Cairo through Female Micro-Entrepreneurship. In collaboration with Academics from the Hunter Centre for Entrepreneurship, Strathclyde School of Business. Scottish Funding Council, GCRF. Pump Priming 2018/19.
  • 2016-2019, Principal Investigator: BC-SDBE: Building Capacity: Sustainable Development of the Built Environment. In collaboration with University of East London. British Council Newton Institutional Links Project, United Kingdom.
  • 2015-16-2020, Primary Investigator: 4 fully funded PhD Studentships Competitive Awards of PhD students (internal allocation): a) Characterization of Architecture and Urbanism of Cities in the Global South, b) The Quality of Urban Life in Sub-Sharan African Cities, c) Contextual Characteristics of Housing Transformations in North African Cities.
  • 2015-2018, Co- Investigator: Knowledge Labs for Sustainable and Resilient Environments (KLABs), in collaboration with Academics from the University of Strathclyde, 3 European countries, 7 West Balkan countries. European Commission.

Previous Projects

  • 2014-2014, Principal Investigator: Commissioned to develop a chapter and visual material for the Catalogue of the Pavilion of the Kingdom of Bahrain at the Venice Architecture Biennale --2014. Chapter title: A century of architecture in the Arabian Peninsula: evolving Isms and multiple architectural identities in a growing region.
  • 2012-2013, Co- Investigator: The Nature of Architecture and Public Space in Globalized Cities. UREP-Undergraduate Research Experience Program, Qatar National Research Fund-QNRF 11th Cycle, Project # 11-075-5-012.
  • 2010-2011, Principal Investigator: Exploring Active and Experiential Learning Mechanisms in Architectural and Urban Education. UREP-Undergraduate Research Experience Program, Qatar National Research Fund-QNRF- Cycle 8, Project # 08-142-6–015, Doha, Qatar.
  • 2009-2010, Principal Investigator: Incorporating Inquiry Based Learning-IBL into a Lecture-Based Module in Architecture. CILASS-Center for Inquiry Based Learning in the Arts and Social Sciences, Higher Education Academy and the University of Sheffield, United Kingdom.
  • 2007-2008, Principal Investigator: Awareness Based Assessment Methods of School Buildings in Qatar. Qatar National Research Fund, Undergraduate Research Experience Program-UREP, Doha, Qatar.
  • 2007-2008, Co-Investigator: Assessment of Spatial and Sustainable Design Characteristics of the Architecture of Shopping Malls in Qatar. Qatar National Research Fund, Undergraduate Research Experience Program-UREP, Doha, Qatar.
  • 2006-2007, Principal Investigator: A Post Occupancy Evaluation POE-Study of Qatar University Campus Outdoor Spaces. An Examination of the Existing Physical Condition and Users Reactions. Qatar University Internal Grants. Doha, Qatar.
  • 2006-2007, Co-Investigator: Evaluation of Drivers' Perception of 3 D Highway Alignments.
Qatar National Research Fund, Undergraduate Research Experience Program-UREP, Doha, Qatar.
  • 2007-2007, Lead Researcher: Developing a Multiple Criteria Matrix: Identifying and Evaluating Construction Systems for Fast Track Architectural Projects. Barwa Real Estates and Construction, Doha, Qatar.
  • 2005-2006, Regional Editor: An International Survey of Architectural Education and Practice in the Developing World. Harvard University and the Aga Khan Trust for Culture-AKTC, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • 2004-2005, Principal Investigator: An Innovative Approach for Investigating Affordable Housing in Saudi Arabia. Innovation Grant; College of Environmental Design, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals-KFUPM, Dhahran, KSA.
  • 2004-2005, Principal Investigator: An Exploratory Investigation into Housing Affordability versus Housing Preferences: The Case of Jeddah. Al Saedan Chair on Affordable Housing Fund, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals-KFUPM, Dhahran, KSA.
  • 2004-2005, Co-Investigator: Developing Criteria for a Collaborative Project Delivery Process of Affordable Housing in Saudi Arabia using Virtual Reality Systems. Al Saedan Chair on Affordable Housing Fund, KFUPM, Dhahran, KSA.
  • 2001-2004, Lead Investigator: Sustainable Design Guidelines for Minnesota State Public Building (The Project Delivery and Public Input Components). Minnesota State-Department of Administration, St Paul, MN, USA. Consultant w/ Adams Group Architects: Charlotte, North Carolina, USA.
  • 2000-2001, Regional Correspondent: Development of Textual and Visual Content for Archnet: An Online Community for Architects and Designers Aga Khan Trust for Culture-Geneva, Switzerland: developed by MIT College of Architecture and Planning, Cambridge, MA, USA.
  • 2000-2000, Project Leader: A Demonstration Project for Sustainable Tourism Facilities/Ecolodges in the Red Sea Region, Egypt. Tourism Development Authority in Egypt and Hagler Bailley Services, Arlington, Virginia, USA (US-AID funded).
  • 1997-1998, Project Leader: Guidelines for Environmentally Friendly Tourist Facilities in Coastal Regions. Environmental Quality International, Cairo, Egypt (US-AID funded).
  • 1996-1997, Project Leader: An Action Plan for the Redevelopment of the Historic Core of the City of Quseir, Egypt. Winrock International Environmental Alliance and Environmental Quality International, Virginia, USA (US-AID funded).


Research experience involves extensive PhD supervision and examination, where more than 25 PhD theses have been completed as primary/principal supervisor and more than 40 PhD theses have been examined with successful completion. 

Latest PhD Completions (2019-2022)

  • Dr Huyam Abudib (2019), Investigating the Contextual Characteristics of Housing Transformation in the Medina of North Africa: Tripoli, Libya, as a Case Study (Principal Supervisor).
  • Dr Amira Elsemellawy (2019), Assessing the Quality of Transformed Public Spaces in Mediterranean Waterfronts: The Case of Alexandria, Egypt (Principal Supervisor).
  • Dr Aisha Abu Bakar (2019), Prosperity and Slums: A Dynamic Trajectory for Positive Development (Co-Supervisor).
  • Dr Selma Harrington (2020), Other Modernism: Underpinning the Case of the History Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Co-Supervisor).
  • Dr Laura MacLean (2021), An Examination of the Quality of Urban Life of Residential Neighbourhoods in Lilongwe, Malawi (Principal Supervisor).
  • Dr Noor Almansor (2021), Social Sustainability in Residential Urban Environments: Single-Family House Neighbourhoods in Basra, Iraq (Principal Supervisor).
  • Dr Kristijn van Riel (2022), Inclusive Public Space: Young People’s Use and Perception of the Public Realm in Accra, Ghana (Principal Supervisor).
  • Dr Thanh Phuong To (2022), Space-Nature Syntaxes in Learning Environments for Children (Co-Supervisor).
  • Dr Mohammad Almahdi (2022), Urban Fragmentation and Continuity of Saudi Cities: The Case of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (Principal Supervisor).

Latest PhD Completions Based on External Supervision (2019-2021)

  • Dr Akash Angral (Completed 2019), Reshaping the Architect-Client Relationship through Digital Technologies (External Supervisor, with Professor Steve Love and Dr Stuart Jeffrey of the School of Simulation and Visualisation, Glasgow School of Art).
  • Dr Nermin Dessouky (Completed 2021), Places of Anticipation: On Design Use Values and the Ecology of Actors in Sustainable Neighbourhoods (External Supervisor, with Professor Patsy Eubanks Owens and Professor Stephen Wheeler of the Department of Human Ecology, Geography Graduate Group, University of California, Davis).

Current PhD Supervision as First Supervisor

  • Asser Bakhaty, Eda Seyok, Krishnokoli Dutta, Monthian Nguitragool, Preeti Pansare, Saleh Almogrbe, Zhanar Omarova.

PhD Examination Experience includes examinations at Ain Shams University, Egypt; Cardiff University/Architecture, UK; Cardiff University/Geography and Urban Planning, UK; Curtin University, Australia; Deakin University, Australia; German University in Cairo – GUC, Egypt; Nazarbayev University, Astana, Kazakhstan; Queensland University of Technology, Australia; Robert Gordon University, UK; Sheffield Hallam University, UK; University of Munich, Germany; University of Dundee, UK; University of Malaya, Malaysia; University of Dundee, UK; University of Glasgow/Glasgow School of Art, UK; University of Melbourne, Australia; University of Nottingham, UK; University of Queensland, Australia; University of Sheffield, UK; University of Strathclyde, UK; University of Wolverhampton, UK; University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia; University of Toronto, Canada; and University of Western Australia, Australia.

Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-being
  • SDG 4 - Quality Education
  • SDG 10 - Reduced Inequalities
  • SDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities
  • SDG 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production
  • SDG 15 - Life on Land
  • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Education/Academic qualification

Architecture, PhD

Award Date: 15 Jan 1996

Architecture, MSc

Award Date: 28 Jun 1991

Architecture, BSc (Hons)

Award Date: 30 Jun 1987

External positions

Co-Director, UNESCO/UIA Validation Council-Architectural Education

5 Jan 2022 → …

Honorary Visiting Professor, University Putra Malaysia

1 Jan 20191 Jan 2022


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