0461 Does “TIB” Differentiate Between Good Sleepers and Subjects That Develop Acute or Chronic Insomnia? A 2nd Analyses

Michael Perlis, Knashawn Morales, Michael Grandner, Donn Posner, Ivan Vargas, Mark Seewald, Alexandria Muench, Julia Boyle, Jason Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstractpeer-review


Abstract Introduction According to the 3P model of insomnia, the variable that mediates the transition from acute to chronic insomnia is “sleep extension” (the behavioral tendency to expand sleep opportunity to compensate for sleep loss). Recently, this proposition was prospectively evaluated by assessing how Time-in-Bed (TIB) varied, week-by-week, relative to the incidence of acute insomnia in four groups, those that: maintained good sleep (GS,n=911), recovered good sleep (AI-REC,n=244); had persistent poor sleep (AI-PPS,n=65); and developed chronic insomnia (AI-CI,n=23)). Significant differences for pre-to-post acute insomnia TIB were not detected for the insomnia groups (as compared to one another or as compared to GSs). The observed trends suggested that the increases in TIB observed were minor (< 15 min overall, at 2 weeks, and at 12 weeks post AI). In the present analysis, a more granular evaluation was undertaken to assess whether sleep extension occurs on the nights following poor sleep bouts. Methods The same data set and subject groups were modeled for TIB occurring on the night following a poor night’s sleep (≥ 30 min for SL or WASO or EMA) for the post-acute insomnia interval (by weekday and weekend). Linear mixed effects model was used to account for up to 1 year of repeated nights per subject. Results During the weekdays, the groups did not differ with respect to TIB following a poor nights’ sleep. On average, the four groups (including good sleepers) did not vary TIB by more than 5 minutes. During the weekends, all four groups tended to restrict TIB. In this instance, AI-CI subjects restricted TIB the least (AI-CI -17.2[5.11]; (GS -25.7[SE 1.58]; AI-PPS -27.6[6.1]; AI-REC -32.3[1.9]. Conclusion As with the prior analysis, the transition to CI does not appear to be triggered by sleep extension. In the present analysis there is some evidence to support the notion that AI-CI subjects restrict TIB less. This counterintuitive finding needs to be further evaluated taking into account sleep timing. That is, time-to-bed and time-out-of-bed may vary (show the attempt to extend sleep opportunity) while TIB does not change appreciably (owing to limitations in sleep ability [plasticity]). Support (If Any) Support: R01AG041783;K24AG055602;R01AT003332
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A204-A204
Issue numberSupplement_1
Publication statusPublished - 25 May 2022


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