A new applicator system for microwave heating of aqueous solutions for the hydrothermal synthesis of zeolite crystals has been developed and experimentally characterized. It is based on a short-ended coaxial waveguide with the solution being inserted as a lossy dielectric. The electrical and thermal design of the autoclave has been optimized by numerical simulations of the E-field and of the temperature distribution respectively. Different reference temperature profiles— a homogeneous and a gradient one — could be established within the zeolite solution and were held constant over time. From temperature measurements at various positions in the solution the two reference profiles could be verified. Temperature differences of less than 15°C have been measured within the homogeneous autoclave whereas differences up to 55°C have been found in the gradient autoclave. In the first synthesis experiments using this applicator zeolite crystals of the zeolite A and VPI-5-type could be successfully crystallized.
|Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy
|Published - Jan 2001