Achievable sum rate analysis of relay aided overlay device to device communication among multiple devices

S. N. Islam, M. A. Mahmud, A. M. Too

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we consider device to device (D2D) communication overlaying cellular network where a group of D2D users exchange messages among themselves. We investigate the case when the channel conditions of the direct links among these D2D users are not strong enough to support direct communication and hence, an intermediate relay node assists the communication among the D2D users. Here we consider capacity achieving lattice codes at the D2D users along with compute-and-forward protocol at the relay. Based on these, we derive the received signal to noise ratio (SNR) at the relay, as well as the D2D users and formulate upper bounds on the achievable sum rate. We also investigate the achievable sum rate when the devices communicate using the direct links and compare with that of the relay aided D2D communication. We find that when the D2D users are closer to the relay, relay aided communication achieves better performance compared to direct communication. However, for the same distances, the sum rate degrades more for relay aided communication. It is also shown that when the links between most of the D2D users and the relay have good channel conditions compared to the direct links, relay aided communication can achieve better sum rate performance than the direct communication.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8036654
Pages (from-to)309-318
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Communications and Networks
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes


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