The design of internal combustion engines is being continuously improved to ensure enhanced specific power output combined with the highest possible efficiency in both the steady and unsteady regimes of operation and to comply with ever more challenging emission regulations. This chapter describes advanced and conventional materials and manufacturing methods used for production of modern internal combustion engines. Advanced materials include compact graphite iron, graphite/carbon and carbon/carbon fibre-reinforced polymer composites, polyamides for manufacturing intake manifolds and alloys and ceramics for manufacturing valves and other components. Application of such materials allows engineers to create engines with reduced dimensions and increased durability.
|Title of host publication
|Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicle Technologies for Improved Environmental Performance
|Subtitle of host publication
|Towards Zero Carbon Transportation
|Number of pages
|Published - 2014