An Evolving Gang Model in Contemporary Scotland

Robert McLean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Young street gangs (YSGs) in Scotland are considered recreational youth outfits bound up in issues of territoriality and protest masculinities. While YSGs occasionally engage in territorial violence, they are nonetheless viewed as distinct entities from organized crime (OC). However, following qualitative interviews (n = 35) with offenders involved in OC, namely illegal drug supply, the author concludes otherwise and presents evidence which suggests that YSGs retain evolving capabilities. The author presents an evolving gang model in which the key sequential stages are outlined as recreational, criminal, and syndicate and argue that, aided by globalization, gang organization has become a means for gang business.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-321
Number of pages23
JournalDeviant Behavior
Issue number3
Early online date25 Jan 2017
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2018


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