This paper investigates the influences of nonperiodic rainbow resonators on the vibration attenuation of two-dimensional metamaterial plates. Rainbow metamaterial plates composed of thin host plates and nonperiodic stepped resonators are considered and compared with periodic metamaterial plates. The metamaterial plates are modelled with the finite element modelling method and verified by the plane wave expansion method. It was found that the rainbow metamaterial plates with spatially varying resonators possess broader vibration attenuation bands than the periodic metamaterial plate with the same host plates and total mass. The extension of attenuation bands was found not to be attributed to the extended bandgaps for the two-dimensional metamaterial plates, as is generally believed for a one-dimensional metamaterial beam. The complete local resonance bandgap of the metamaterial plates is separated to discrete bandgaps by the modes of nonperiodic resonators. Although the additional modes stop the formation of integrated bandgaps, the vibration of the plate is much smaller than that of resonators at these modal frequencies, the rainbow metamaterial plates could have a distinct vibration attenuation at these modal frequencies and achieve broader integrated attenuation bands as a result. The present paper could offer a new idea for the development of plate structures with broadband vibration attenuation by introducing non-periodicity.