Cocoa, Blood Flow and the Brain

Crystal Haskell, Anthony Watson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter explores the relationship between cocoa consumption, specifically flavan-3-ols, and brain activity as assessed by human intervention studies. Wherever possible, studies included will be conducted according to randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind procedures. Evidence from animal studies and human cardiovascular studies are also included, where appropriate, to provide potential mechanisms relevant to cognition. As the effects of caffeine and theobromine have also been the focus of research with regards the effects of cocoa on cognition, relevant studies of these compounds are also included. Support for intervention studies showing effects of cocoa relevant to blood flow and the brain comes from recent epidemiological research.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBioactives in Fruit: Health Benefits and Functional Foods
EditorsMargot Skinner, Denise Hunter
Place of PublicationOxford
Number of pages542
ISBN (Print)978-0470674970
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013


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