Conducting Successful Supervision: Novel Elements Towards an Integrative Approach

Ian James, Derek Milne, Ivy Marie-Blackburn, Peter Armstrong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years that has been an increasing interest in supervision within the UK's cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) community. This is because the role of supervision has begun to be recognized in relation to the delivery of effective clinical services (Department of Health, 1998), and because of a clear recognition of the need to ensure that CBT practitioners are competent. Perhaps less well recognized in CBT are a number of interesting educational approaches to supervision, ones that may make supervision more successful. This paper summarizes some of these theories from a CBT perspective. Whilst the evidence base does not yet justify being too prescriptive, it is argued that some of these theories, such as Vygotsky's notion of the “Zone of Proximal Development”, provide helpful prompts for reflecting on CBT supervision. An integrative model is constructed from these theories, with illustrative examples and suggestions for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-200
JournalBehavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007


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