Cross-country skiing and biathlon

Thomas W. Jones, Kerry McGawley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

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Cross-country skiing (XC) and biathlon are physically demanding winter sports that involve a variety of competition formats, race durations and distances performed over mixed terrain and in challenging environmental conditions. The obvious distinction between the two sports is the component of marksmanship in biathlon, which involves both prone and standing shooting interspersed between repeated bouts of high-intensity skiing. Traditional international XC includes sprint and distance competitions. The relative contributions of specific muscle groups across ski techniques and sub-techniques can influence energetic demands. While field-based testing is becoming increasingly accessible and accurate due to technological advancements, numerous uncontrollable factors make treadmill roller-skiing and double-poling ergometry more appropriate methods of quantifying physiological qualities among XC athletes and biathletes.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSport and Exercise Physiology Testing Guidelines
Subtitle of host publicationVolume I – Sport Testing: The British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences Guide
EditorsR. C. Richard Davison, Paul M. Smith, James Hopker, Michael J. Price, Florentina Hettinga, Garry Tew, Lindsay Bottoms
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781003045281
ISBN (Print)9780367491338, 9780367492465
Publication statusPublished - 23 Mar 2022


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