Customising microstructural and mineralogical characteristics of hydrated lime using biopolymers

Cecilia Pesce*, Giovanni Pesce, Marco Molinari, Alan Richardson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


The study of lime-based systems is vital to the design of new sustainable building materials. Air lime (calcium hydroxide, Ca (OH)2) is a binder that has attracted considerable attention for its ability to capture CO2 from the atmosphere, its low-cost and low-energy production process. Furthermore, Ca (OH)2 is an important phase of hydrated Portland cements, and lime-based mortars have shown high elasticity and the ability of self-healing. The performance of lime-based building materials can be enhanced by the addition of organic compounds that can modify the mineralogy and microstructure of Ca (OH)2. In this study, the effects of four biopolymers including starch, inulin, pectin, and calcium lignosulfonate, on the microstructure and mineralogy of lime have been investigated. Hydrated lime was produced by slaking quicklime in water. Two sets of hydrated lime batches were produced for each polymer: (i) the polymer was previously dissolved in water and subsequently mixed with lime, and (ii) the polymer was added as a dry powder to the already hydrated lime at the end of the slaking process. Characterisation of the batches was performed using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and laser diffraction. Results indicate that biopolymers affect the nucleation and growth of Ca (OH)2 crystals. This influences the microstructure and crystal aggregation of hydrated lime in colloidal suspension, which will have important implications on the use of biopolymers in Portland cement applications and in the use of lime as a binder for mortars.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBio-Based Building Materials
Subtitle of host publicationSelected peer-reviewed full text papers from the 4th International Conference on Bio-Based Building Materials (ICBBM 2021)
EditorsSofiane Amziane, Mohammed Sonebi
Place of PublicationBaech, Switzerland
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jan 2022
Event4th International Conference on Bio-Based Building Materials - Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Duration: 16 Jun 202118 Jun 2021

Publication series

NameConstruction Technologies and Architecture
ISSN (Print)2674-1229
ISSN (Electronic)2674-1237


Conference4th International Conference on Bio-Based Building Materials
Abbreviated titleICBBM
Internet address


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