Effect of solvent type on the formation of tubular fullerene nanofibers

Yongtao Qu, Shaocen Liang, Kai Zou, Shaoxiang Li, Lumei Liu, Jian Zhao, Guangzhe Piao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


1D Fullerene C60 nanofibers (FNFs) were prepared via liquid-liquid interfacial precipitation (LLIP) using toluene, m-xylene, pyridine and/or N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) as solvents and isopropyl alcohol as the precipitation agent at 8 °C. C60-saturated solutions were exposed to visible light to promote the growth of FNFs. When the solvents were toluene and m-xylene, it was difficult to synthesize hollow C60 fullerene nanotubes (FNTs). By contrast, the hollow FNTs were easily grown in the C 60-pyridine solution or C60-NMP solution upon exposure to visible light. It is found that there is a critical correlation between the adducts of the solvents with C60 molecules and the tubular structure of FNFs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-564
Number of pages3
JournalMaterials Letters
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes


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