Electric Vehicle Charging Recommendation and Enabling ICT Technologies: Recent Advances and Future Directions

Yue Cao, Houbing Song, Omprakash Kaiwartya, Ao Lei, Yue Wang, Ghanim Putrus

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

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The introduction of Electric Vehicles (EV) will have a significant impact on the sustainable economic development of urban city. However, compared with traditional gasoline-powered vehicles, EVs currently have limited range, which necessitates regular recharging. Considering the limited charging infrastructure currently available in most countries, infrastructure investments and Renewable Energy Sources (RES) are critical. Thus, service quality provisioning is necessary for realizing EV market.

Unlike numerous previous works which investigate "charging scheduling" (referred to when/whether to charge) for EVs already been parked at home/Charging Stations (CSs), a few works focus on “charging recommendation” (refer to where/which CS to charge) for on-the-move EVs. The latter use case cannot be overlooked as it is the most important feature of EVs, especially for driving experience during journeys. On-the-move EVs will travel towards appropriate CSs for charging based on smart decision on where to charge, so as to experience a shorter waiting time for charging.

The effort towards sustainable engagement of EVs has not attracted enough attention from both industrial and academia communities. Even if there have been many charging service providers available, the utilization of charging infrastructures is still in need of significant enhancement. Such a situation certainly requires the popularity of EVs towards the sustainable, green and economic market. Enabling the sustainability requires a joint contribution from each domain, e.g., how to guarantee accurate information involved in decision making, how to optimally guide EV drivers towards charging place with the least waiting time, how to schedule charging services for EVs being parked within grid capacity.

Achieving this goal is of importance towards a positioning of efficient, scalable and smart ICT framework, makes it feasible to learn the whole picture of grid:
- Necessary information needs to be disseminated between stakeholders CSs and EVs, e.g., expected queuing time at individual CSs. In this context, how accurate CSs condition information plays an important role on the optimality of charging recommendation.
- Also, it is very time-consuming for the centralized Global Controller (GC) to achieve optimization, by seamlessly collecting data from all EVs and CSs, The complexity and computation load of this centralized solution, increases exponentially with the number of EVs.

This paper summaries the recent interdisciplinary research works on EV charging recommendation along with novel ICT frameworks, with an original taxonomy on how Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technologies support the EV charging use case. Future directions are also highlighted to promote the future research.
Original languageEnglish
Specialist publicationIEEE COMSOC MMTC Communications - Frontiers
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017


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