Entrepreneurship challenges and gender issues in the african informal rural economy

Paul Igwe*, Robert Newbery, Afam Icha-Ituma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In Africa the majority of businesses operate as informal sector in the rural economy. With relevant current debates encompassing informality and the family firm and employing data from a national survey that captures over 18 million entrepreneurs and business owners, this chapter examines the social, economic, environmental, cultural and wider barriers to female entrepreneurship in rural Nigeria. This chapter describes how lack of capital, low levels of literacy and education, inadequate transport facilities and poor access roads are the most important barriers that face female entrepreneurship in rural African communities. These are magnified by traditions and cultural barriers that favour men over women in many African countries, including Nigeria.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationKnowledge, learning and innovation
Subtitle of host publicationContributions to management science
EditorsV. Ratten, V. Braga, C. Marques
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9783319592824
ISBN (Print)9783319592817
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameContributions to Management Science
ISSN (Print)1431-1941
ISSN (Electronic)2197-716X


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