Exploring and optimising maternal and infant nutrition in North West Pakistan

Fiona Dykes, Monique Lhussier, Sonia Bangash, Mukhtiar Zaman, Nicola Lowe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract Objectives the aim of this study was to explore and contextualise meanings, beliefs and practices surrounding maternal and infant nutrition in North West Pakistan and to use the findings to inform the development of a nutritional improvement programme adapted to local needs. Design the Context-Mechanism-Outcome framework was used to gather contextual data, formulate questions and conduct focus groups to inform the design of a culturally appropriate nutritional health programme with the overall goal of improving practices related to maternal and infant nutrition. Two focus groups were conducted with the team of local lady health workers (n=16), one prior to implementing a nutritional improvement programme and one 6 months after implementation. Settings the study was conducted in communities surrounding and served by the Emergency Satellite Hospital (ESH) in Nahaqi in Khyber Pakhtunkhawa (KP) (formally known as the Northwest Frontier Province), Pakistan. Findings poverty and specific cultural practices impeded the achievement of optimum maternal and infant nutrition. A nutrition support programme was implemented; it involved cookery demonstration kitchens and free food supplements, coupled with nutrition and health-care information-giving for pregnant and lactating women. Focus group discussions revealed that women had positive perceptions of the impact of the nutritional health improvement programme, feeling that knowledge
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-835
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012


Dive into the research topics of 'Exploring and optimising maternal and infant nutrition in North West Pakistan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this