Integration of distributed renewable energy systems into the smart grid

Ghanim Putrus, Edward Bentley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


About 30% of all primary energy resources worldwide are used to generate electrical energy. Since the invention of the electric incandescent light bulb in 1879, the growth of electric power systems progressed at an exponential rate, particularly after the development of AC (alternating current) power generation and the transformer. Transforming AC power from one voltage level to much higher levels meant that losses and voltage drops in the supply lines could be kept at acceptable values. The contribution of different renewable energy sources to the electricity generation mix varies from one country to another, but generally this is currently a small proportion of the total installed capacity. The increase in renewable energy generation involves significant challenges in establishing cost-effective and reliable renewable energy systems in addition to solving the technical problems associated with their connection to the grid. In order to understand the impact of increased connection of RES on the grid and the need for smart grid solutions, it is important first to understand how electricity is currently generated, the characteristics of generation from RES, and some aspects of grid control.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationElectric renewable energy systems
EditorsMuhammad H. Rashid
Place of PublicationLondon
ISBN (Print)978-0-12-804448-3
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Feb 2016


Dive into the research topics of 'Integration of distributed renewable energy systems into the smart grid'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this