Mixed monomer derived porous aromatic frameworks with superior membrane performance for CO2 capture

Shuhao Zhang, Jialu Li, Jia Liu*, Shuangshuang Jiang, Xiaolu Chen, Hao Ren*, Terence Xiaoteng Liu, Xiaoqin Zou*, Guangshan Zhu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Membrane separation has great potential for carbon dioxide capture, and materials play paramount important role in the membrane technology. In this paper, the mixed-monomer strategy is proposed for synthesis of a functional porous aromatic framework (PAF) named as PAF-45DPA. The monomer of diphenyl is employed for formation of the porous network and another monomer of diphenylamine is introduced to yield basic nitrogen sites. As a consequence, the prepared PAF-45DPA material possesses a surface area of 679 m2 g-1 with dominant pore size of ~0.58 nm which educes selective adsorption property toward carbon dioxide with IAST selectivity of 63.1 and CO2 uptake of ~45.3 cm3 g-1 at 298 K and 101 kPa measured from CO2 and N2 adsorptions. PAF-45DPA is subsequently used to fabricate hollow fiber membranes by hybridization with polysulfone (PSF) through the technique of dry jet-wet quench. Gas permeation analysis of CO2 and N2 reveals that the separation performance of PAF-45DPA/PSF is superior to those of PAF-45 and PDPA built from unary monomers. The PAF-45DPA/PSF membrane shows a dramatic improvement in the CO2/N2 separation factor (24.2) compared to PAF-45/PSF (15.4) and a significant enhancement in the CO2 permeance (72.6 GPU) compared to PDPA (51 GPU) at 298 K and 0.12 MPa. High stability of the PAF-45DPA/PSF membrane is also demonstrated together with its low cost and scale up production possibilities, which shed a light on advanced CO2 capture technology development for industrial gas exhausts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119372
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Early online date26 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2021


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