Naturopathic Approaches to Irritable Bowel Syndrome-A Delphi Study

Joshua Z. Goldenberg, Lesley Ward, Andrew Day, Kieran Cooley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) affects 11% of the population, and up to 50% of patients report using complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) for it. To date, there is no research describing how providers of naturopathic medicine in North America, a well-defined CAM profession, approach IBS.

Methods: A Delphi study was conducted over a 17-month period in 4 rounds with 15 North American naturopathic medicine experts in IBS. Consensus was defined as a median value of 75% or greater agreement with the relevant statement.

Results: Consensus was met with 45 statements describing a “reasonable naturopathic approach” to IBS. These statements covered the domains of general, office visits, tracking progress, testing, interventions, and resources.

Conclusion: These results represent the beginning of an evidence base depicting naturopathic interventions for IBS and should inform future randomized controlled clinical trials in this area. Future research should look to reflect on and revise these guidance consensus statements particularly extending to other stakeholders as well as geographic and regulatory jurisdictions in the naturopathic profession.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-233
JournalJournal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
Issue number2
Early online date12 Sept 2018
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Naturopathic Approaches to Irritable Bowel Syndrome-A Delphi Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this