Noninvasively determined local wave speed ( c) and wave intensity (WI) parameters provide insights into arterial stiffness and cardiac-vascular interactions in response to physiological perturbations. However, the effects of incremental exercise and subsequent recovery on c and WI have not been fully established. We examined the changes in c and WI parameters in the common carotid artery (CCA) during exercise and recovery in eight young, healthy male athletes. Ultrasound measurements of CCA diameter and blood flow velocity were acquired at rest, during five stages of incremental exercise (up to 70% maximum work rate), and throughout 1 h of recovery, and noninvasive WI analysis [diameter-velocity ( DU) approach] was performed. During exercise, c increased (+136%), showing increased stiffness with work rate. All peak and area of forward compression, backward compression, and forward expansion waves increased during exercise (+452%, +700%, and +900%, respectively). However, WI reflection indexes and CCA resistance did not significantly change from rest to exercise. Furthermore, wave speed and the magnitude of all waves returned to baseline within 5 min of recovery, suggesting that the effects of exercise in the investigated parameters of young, healthy individuals were transient. In conclusion, incremental exercise was associated with an increase in local CCA stiffness and increases in all wave parameters, indicative of enhanced ventricular contractility and improved late-systolic blood flow deceleration. NEW & NOTEWORTHY We examined hemodynamics of the common carotid artery using noninvasive application of wave intensity analysis during exercise and recovery. The hemodynamic adjustments to exercise were associated with increases in local common carotid artery stiffness and all waves' parameters, with the latter indicating enhanced ventricular contractility and improved late systolic blood flow deceleration.
|Number of pages
|American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
|Early online date
|1 Aug 2018
|Published - Aug 2018