Planning of Distributed Energy Resources in Singapore

Dhivya Sampath Kumar, Hamimah Binte Ahmad Jefri, Anurag Sharma, Wai Lok Woo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)


To aid in the reduction of the dependency on fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions that cause poor air quality, migration from internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles to electric vehicles (EV) is advised. It will also be essential to integrate renewable energy sources (RES) like photovoltaics (PVs), wind, biogas etc. However, there is little progress in Singapore due to the limited EV electric range in affordable EVs and low EV charging availability. Hence, there is a need for EV charging stations (EV CS) implementation to ease anxiety range, without causing adverse effects on existing electric distribution networks. In this paper, siting and sizing of EV CS is done using K-means clustering algorithm on a test feeder with various predicted EV penetration levels applicable to Singapore. Linear approximation on complex plane power flow analysis and cost analysis were implemented to check the practicality of the proposed methodology. The results showed feasibility in the three EV penetration levels of low 10%, medium 30%, and high 50% with AC slow charging. Optimal charging device rating is AC slow 3.3 kW to better meet the potential charging demands of private vehicles in Singapore, which are to be implemented in residential car parking areas.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Asia
Subtitle of host publicationISGT 2019
Editors IEEE
Place of PublicationPiscataway
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728135205
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019
Event2019 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Asia, ISGT 2019 - Chengdu, China
Duration: 21 May 201924 May 2019

Publication series

Name2019 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Asia, ISGT 2019


Conference2019 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Asia, ISGT 2019


Dive into the research topics of 'Planning of Distributed Energy Resources in Singapore'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this