PlantID – DNA-based identification of multiple medicinal plants in complex mixtures

Caroline Howard, Eleni Socratous, Sarah Williams, Eleanor Graham, Mark Fowler, Nigel Scott, Paul Bremner, Adrian Slater

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
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Background An efficient method for the identification of medicinal plant products is now a priority as the global demand increases. This study aims to develop a DNA-based method for the identification and authentication of plant species that can be implemented in the industry to aid compliance with regulations, based upon the economically important Hypericum perforatum L. (St John’s Wort or Guan ye Lian Qiao). Methods The ITS regions of several Hypericum species were analysed to identify the most divergent regions and PCR primers were designed to anneal specifically to these regions in the different Hypericum species. Candidate primers were selected such that the amplicon produced by each species-specific reaction differed in size. The use of fluorescently labelled primers enabled these products to be resolved by capillary electrophoresis. Results Four closely related Hypericum species were detected simultaneously and independently in one reaction. Each species could be identified individually and in any combination. The introduction of three more closely related species to the test had no effect on the results. Highly processed commercial plant material was identified, despite the potential complications of DNA degradation in such samples. Conclusion This technique can detect the presence of an expected plant material and adulterant materials in one reaction. The method could be simply applied to other medicinal plants and their problem adulterants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18
JournalChinese Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012


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