Private Federated Learning with Misaligned Power Allocation via Over-The-Air Computation

Na Yan, Kezhi Wang, Cunhua Pan, Kok Keong Chai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


To further preserve the data privacy of federated learning (FL), we propose a differentially private FL (DPFL) scheme with misaligned power allocation (MPA-DPFL). Unlike most existing over-the-air FL studies, in MPA-DPFL, the gradients are aggregated through over-the-air computation (Aircomp) but do not need to be aligned in the transmission. Therefore, MPA-DPFL can avoid the problem that the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the system is limited by the device with the worst channel condition. We formulate an optimization problem to minimize the optimality gap of MPA-DPFL while guaranteeing a certain degree of privacy protection. Additionally, we demonstrate that the MPA-DPFL is more suitable than the DPFL with aligned power allocation (APA-DPFL) when the channel condition of a device in the system is lower than a threshold. The analytical results are validated through simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Communications Letters
Early online date30 Jun 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Jun 2022


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