Progress towards highly stable and lead-free perovskite solar cells

Muhazri Abd Mutalib, Norasikin Ahmad Ludin*, Nik Ahmad Aizudden Nik Ruzalman, Vincent Barrioz, Suhaila Sepeai, Mohd Asri Mat Teridi, Mohd Sukor Su’ait, Mohd Adib Ibrahim, Kamaruzzaman Sopian

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
22 Downloads (Pure)


High-performance perovskite solar cells have attracted increased attention for photovoltaic applications and potentially replacing the predecessor generations. Nevertheless, the stability issues and the lead content has always been among the major concerns that barriers perovskite solar cells from commercialization. This review presents the discussion towards the inherent instability of perovskite solar cells and the development towards replacing lead with discussion towards their performance and challenges. The degradation of perovskite active layer would release toxic substance into the environment. The development towards low-toxic, lead-free and efficient perovskite solar cells is the key for a sustainable solar energy generation with the application of perovskite solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Issue number2
Early online date28 Mar 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018


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