Purchasing manages and optimises existing product variance

Farhad Nabhani, Christian Uhl, Florian Kauff, Alireza Shokri

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)
    16 Downloads (Pure)


    The purpose of this paper is the presentation of a new optimisation approach for product variance from the purchasing perspective.

    The research is based on a case study of a collaboration with a global acting automotive Tier 1 supplier, who produces steering systems for cars and commercial vehicles. A total of 116 different variants of three components of a car automotive steering system were analysed and evaluated. The data was gathered from 13 sub suppliers for three different types of a steering system.

    Unnecessary time, money, quality and technology can be saved through a greater understanding of such product variances. The results of the case study lead to a general method to optimise existing product variance and present cost improvements and a new key performance indicator to manage product variance out of the purchasing department.

    Research limitations/implications:
    The research is based on a purchasing case study at a Tier 1 supplier of the automotive branch. The approach can be used for other company departments like e.g. logistics and for different industries than automotive.

    Practical implications:
    A company can be successful and competitive when it meets the customer needs with a maximum on satisfaction without generating of waste. Unnecessary existing product variance is a kind of waste. The insights of this article support the operative user and the strategic company management to reduce and improve unnecessary variance in different sections.

    The structured analysis of product variance from the purchasing perspective and the key performance indicator “variance share” are new to company management. The research focuses on the management of existing variance out of the purchasing department which is a segment that has received limited academic attention in research to date.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)430-448
    JournalJournal of Manufacturing Technology Management
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2018


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