TY - CHAP

T1 - Real-time optimal time-critical target assignment for UAVs

AU - Kim, Yoonsoo

AU - Gu, Da-Wei

AU - Postlethwaite, Ian

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - In the literature, e.g. [10], one can find the so-called basic UAV mission target assignment in which m UAVs each with a capacity limit q visit n targets in a cooperative manner (and return to their departure points) such that the cost incurred by each UAV’s travel is minimized. In [10], we proposed a mixed integer linear program (MILP) formulation which exactly solves the problem, as well as four alternative MILP formulations which are computationally less intensive (and therefore suited for real-time purposes) yet yield a theoretically guaranteed sub-optimal solution. In this chapter, we further consider timing constraints imposed on some p of the targets, so-called prime targets. This consideration is often required for scenarios in which prime targets must be visited in a pre-defined time interval, and mathematically results in the addition of several integer linear constraints to the previous MILP formulation making the problem computationally intractable. We propose a novel procedure of adding these cumbersome timing constraints to the previous MILP formulation, in order to avoid increasing too much computational cost under practically valid assumptions. We first show that the proposed procedure still guarantees the previously claimed theoretical solution quality associated with the basic mission. We then show through extensive numerical simulations that under certain conditions, our algorithms return solutions which are still computationally manageable.

AB - In the literature, e.g. [10], one can find the so-called basic UAV mission target assignment in which m UAVs each with a capacity limit q visit n targets in a cooperative manner (and return to their departure points) such that the cost incurred by each UAV’s travel is minimized. In [10], we proposed a mixed integer linear program (MILP) formulation which exactly solves the problem, as well as four alternative MILP formulations which are computationally less intensive (and therefore suited for real-time purposes) yet yield a theoretically guaranteed sub-optimal solution. In this chapter, we further consider timing constraints imposed on some p of the targets, so-called prime targets. This consideration is often required for scenarios in which prime targets must be visited in a pre-defined time interval, and mathematically results in the addition of several integer linear constraints to the previous MILP formulation making the problem computationally intractable. We propose a novel procedure of adding these cumbersome timing constraints to the previous MILP formulation, in order to avoid increasing too much computational cost under practically valid assumptions. We first show that the proposed procedure still guarantees the previously claimed theoretical solution quality associated with the basic mission. We then show through extensive numerical simulations that under certain conditions, our algorithms return solutions which are still computationally manageable.

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-540-74356-9_16

DO - 10.1007/978-3-540-74356-9_16

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-3540743545

VL - 369

T3 - Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences

SP - 265

EP - 280

BT - Advances in Cooperative Control and Optimization

A2 - Pardalos, Panos

A2 - Murphey, Robert

A2 - Grundel, Don

A2 - Hirsch, Michael

PB - Springer

CY - London

ER -