Recent progress in marine foul-release polymeric nanocomposite coatings

M. M. Selim, M. A. Shenashen, Sherif A. El-Safty*, S. A. Higazy, M. M. Selim, H. Isago, A. Elmarakbi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

245 Citations (Scopus)


Progress in materials science is associated with the development of nanomaterials in terms of energy-saving, environmentally friendly, and low-cost methods. Since the use of tributyltin compounds in antifouling coatings was banned in 2003, the search for ecofriendly alternatives has been promoted. Foul-release (FR) nanocoatings have been extensively investigated because of their non-stick, ecological, and economic advantages. Such nanocomposite systems are dynamic non-stick surfaces that deter any fouling attachment through physical anti-adhesion terminology. Instead of biocidal solutions, several functional FR nanocomposite coatings have been developed to counter biofouling and biocorrosion with ecological and ecofriendly effects. Selected inorganic nanofillers have been incorporated because of their enhanced interaction at the filler‐polymer interface for nanocomposites. Metallic nanoparticles and their oxides have also been widely explored because of their unique morphological characteristics and size-dependent, self-cleaning properties. In modeling a novel series of FR nanocoatings, two modes of prevention are combined: chemical inertness and physical microfouling repulsion for maritime navigation applications. Long-term durability and self-cleaning performance are among the advantages of developing effective, stable, and ecofriendly modeling alternatives. This review provides a holistic overview of nano-FR research achievements and describes recent advancements in non-stick marine nanocoatings for ship hulls. This review highlights the key issues of nanocomposite structures and their features in improving the biological activity and surface self-cleaning performance of ship hulls. This review may also open new horizons toward futuristic developments in FR nanocomposites for maritime navigations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-32
Number of pages32
JournalProgress in Materials Science
Early online date4 Feb 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017


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