Smart Donations: Event-Driven Conditional Donations Using Smart Contracts On The Blockchain

Ludwig Trotter, Mike Harding, Peter Shaw, Nigel Davies, Chris Elsden, Chris Speed, John Vines, Aydin Abadi, Josh Hallwright

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)


Recent work has questioned the largely unconditional nature of charitable donations and explored the value of conditional giving with contemporary donors. In this paper, we extend this work by exploring how to operationalise features of conditionality in charitable giving, situated in the context of large international non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Building on prior engagements with international aid organisations, we present design considerations and a conceptual architecture supporting real-time, conditional giving for individual and institutional donations. Our architecture leverages properties of distributed-ledger technologies (DLT) to empower donors to (i) attach conditions to their donation, (ii) store funds in a secure, decentralised escrow and (iii) automatically release funds once conditions are met. Unlike prior work that envisions radical disintermediation and the removal of intermediate NGOs using DLT, our work recognises the expertise of NGOs in tackling complex global problems and instead investigates compelling new way for charities to increase transparency and accountability by introducing dynamic pledge controls.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOzCHI 2020
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 32nd Australian Computer-Human Interaction Conference (OzCHI 2020)
EditorsNaseem Ahmadpour, Tuck Leong, Bernd Ploderer, Callum Parker, Sarah Webber, Diego Munoz, Lian Loke, Martin Tomitsch
Place of PublicationNew York
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9781450389754
Publication statusPublished - 2 Dec 2020
EventOzCHI ’20: Australian conference on human-computer interaction (HCI) - Virtual, Sydney, Australia
Duration: 2 Dec 20204 Dec 2020


ConferenceOzCHI ’20
Internet address


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