Study on the mechanism of tunable ferromagnetic composites with different rare earth ions

Minli Zeng, Kunyapat Thummavichai, Wenting Chen, Guangsheng Liu, Zhen Li, Xiaorong Chen, Chen Feng, Li Yi, Nannan Wang*, Yanqiu Zhu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Size-controlled Fe3O4 nanoparticles doped with rare earth (RE) ions (La3+, Ce3+, and Dy3+) varying from 15 nm to 30 nm were successful synthesized by a hydrothermal method for potential applications in the fields of biomedicine, environmental protection and magnetic memory devices. They possessed good dispersibility, adjustable particle size and nearly spherical shape. The particle grain size was uniformly distributed and showed a low degree of agglomeration in comparison with undoped Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The FTIR results showed that the RE elements partially replaced Fe2+, occupied the octahedral position, and enhanced the vibration of the Fe–O bond. The XPS study further revealed that the valence states of La, Ce, and Dy are both positive trivalent. The XPS Fe 2p valence band spectra observed a shift in the peak position toward higher binding energy after RE doping, confirming the existence of RE ions in the octahedral position. This paper explains the mechanism of rare earth doping with Fe3O4, and clarifies the influence of the doping of different RE ions on its magnetic properties. The detailed analysis of RE-doped ferrite materials can open a new perspective in designing biomedical and spintronics materials with tailored properties by choosing suitable cation substitution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37246-37253
Number of pages8
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number59
Publication statusPublished - 18 Nov 2021


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