Supercritical fluid extraction of organochlorine pesticides from an aqueous matrix

Ian Barnabas, John Dean, Steven Hitchen, Susan Owen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) conditions were optimised for the removal of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) from water. OCPs were collected and extracted from solid-phase extraction disks (Empore) and also directly from a water sample using a modified extraction cell. High recoveries (>90%) were obtained for two of the three OCPs with Empore disks. Despite the good solubility of OCPs in pure CO2, the analyte recoveries decreased when they were extracted directly from water. Three different flow-rates were used in the direct SFE with no apparent change in recovery, indicating that extraction was diffusion-controlled. The effect of increasing the ionic strength of the aqueous sample on analyte recovery was investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-315
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 1994


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