An increasing amount of research has been conducted on cross-national homicide (Pridemore and Trent, 2010; Nivette 2011), with many researchers finding various levels of support for the modernization/development hypothesis. The results have been mixed enough to question whether it is a methodological, rather than theoretical issue, i.e. are the indicators of modernization/ development are lacking in validity? To remedy this problem we introduce and assess the validity of CO2 emissions as an indicator of modernization/ development in the prediction of cross-national homicide. Using data from 85 countries from 1995 to 2006, we estimate multilevel growth models to test the effect of CO2 emissions (and various other predictors) on homicide rate. The results reveal that CO2 emissions significantly predict within country differences in homicide rates. The discussion section briefly highlights the connection between ecological disorganization and crime.
|Published - Aug 2013
|2013 American Sociological Association Annual Meeting - New York
Duration: 1 Aug 2013 → …
|2013 American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
|1/08/13 → …