The development of cash-dispensing technology in the UK

Bernardo Bátiz-Lazo*, Robert J.K. Reid

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


The success of currency dispensers in the 1960s was the technological precondition for the now omnipresent automated teller machines (ATMs). An examination of the three earliest separate instances of cash-dispensing technology not only illuminates the history of this device but demonstrates how users - in this case banks - shape and direct technological change.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5396280
Pages (from-to)32-45
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Issue number3
Early online date22 Jan 2010
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes


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