The synthesis of, and characterization of the dynamic processes occurring in Pd(ii) chelate complexes of 2-pyridyldiphenylphosphine

Jianke Liu, Chacko Jacob, Kelly J. Sheridan, Firas Al-Mosule, Brian T. Heaton, Jonathan A. Iggo, Mark Matthews, Jeremie Pelletier, Robin Whyman, Jamie F. Bickley, Alexander Steiner

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24 Citations (Scopus)


Pd(ii) complexes in which 2-pyridyldiphenylphosphine (Ph2Ppy) chelates the Pd(ii) centre have been prepared and characterized by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy and by X-ray crystallographic analysis. trans- [Pd(κ1-Ph2Ppy)2Cl2] is transformed into [Pd(κ2-Ph2Ppy)(κ1- Ph2Ppy)Cl]Cl by the addition of a few drops of methanol to dichloromethane solutions, and into [Pd(κ2-Ph 2Ppy)(κ1-Ph2Ppy)Cl]X by addition of AgX or TlX, (X = BF4-, CF3SO3 - or MeSO3-). [Pd(κ1-Ph 2Ppy)2(p-benzoquinone)] can be transformed into [Pd(κ2-Ph2Ppy)(κ1-Ph 2Ppy)(MeSO3)][MeSO3] by the addition of two equivalents of MeSO3H. Addition of further MeSO3H affords [Pd(κ2-Ph2Ppy)(κ1-Ph 2PpyH)(MeSO3)][MeSO3]2. Addition of two equivalents of CF3SO3H, MeSO3H or CF 3CO2H and two equivalents of Ph2Ppy to [Pd(OAc)2] in CH2Cl2 or CH2Cl 2-MeOH affords [Pd(κ2-Ph2Ppy) (κ1-Ph2Ppy)X]X, (X = CF3SO 3-, MeSO3- or CF3CO 2-), however addition of two equivalents of HBF 4·Et2O affords a different complex, tentatively formulated as [Pd(κ2-Ph2Ppy)2]X 2. Addition of excess acid results in the clean formation of [Pd(κ2-Ph2Ppy)(κ1-Ph 2PpyH)(X)]X2. In methanol, addition of MeSO3H and three equivalents of Ph2Ppy to [Pd(OAc)2] affords [Pd(κ2-Ph2Ppy)(κ1-Ph 2Ppy)2][MeSO3]2 as the principal Pd-phosphine complex. The fluxional processes occuring in these complexes and in [Pd (κ1-Ph2Ppy)3Cl]X, (X = Cl, OTf) and the potential for hemilability of the Ph2Ppy ligand has been investigated by variable-temperature NMR. The activation entropy and enthalpy for the regiospecific fluxional processes occuring in [Pd(κ2- Ph2Ppy)(κ1-Ph2Ppy)2][MeSO 3]2 have been determined and are in the range -10 to -30 J mol-1 K-1 and ca. 30 kJ mol-1 respectively, consistent with associative pathways being followed. The observed regioselectivities of the exchanges are attributed to the constraints imposed by microscopic reversibility and the small bite angle of the Ph2Ppy ligand. X-Ray crystal structure determinations of trans-[Pd(κ1- Ph2Ppy)2Cl2], [Pd(κ2-Ph 2Ppy)(κ1-Ph2Ppy)Cl][BF4], [Pd(κ1-Ph2Ppy)2(p-benzoquinone)], trans-[Pd(κ1-Ph2PpyH)2Cl 2][MeSO3]2, and [Pd(κ1-Ph 2Ppy)3Cl](Cl) are reported. In [Pd(κ2- Ph2Ppy)(κ1-Ph2Ppy)Cl][BF4] a donor-acceptor interaction is seen between the pyridyl-N of the monodentate Ph2Ppy ligand and the phosphorus of the chelating Ph2Ppy resulting in a trigonal bipyramidal geometry at this phosphorus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7921-7935
Number of pages15
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number34
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes


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