Graphene, a two-dimensional monatomic layer of carbon material, has demonstrated as a good candidate for applications of ultrafast photodetectors, transistors, transparent electrodes, and biosensors. Recently, many studies have shown that using metallic deep gratings could enhance the absorptance of graphene of 2.3% up to 80% in the near infrared region for applications in photon detection. This paper presents utilizing a nanograting structure, namely, a compound metallic grating could greatly enhance the absorptance of graphene up to 98% and widen its spectral bandwidth to 0.6 μm, which are greater than those of previous work. The study also showed that the absorptance spectrum is insensitive to angles of incidence. Furthermore, the proposed graphene-covered compound grating might bring a lot of benefits for graphene designs-based optical and optoelectronic devices.
|IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
|Early online date
|2 Apr 2020
|Published - 1 Jan 2021